Glossary of Gymnastics Terms
A stunt in which the gymnast turns completely over in the air without touching
the apparatus with his or her hands.
The height, or degree of execution of a movement. In general, the higher the
salto or the more breathtaking the movement, the better the amplitude and the
One of the various pieces of equipment used in gymnastics competitions.
The body is curved backwards.
a double salto with a full twist (the complete twist performed during the
Predesigned routines which contain specific movements required of all
the structure of a gymnastics routine. Each individual movement or skill is
a building block; how they are arranged into an exercise is called the
composition of the routine.
To leave an apparatus at the end of a routine; usually done with a difficult
twist or salto.
The performance of a routine. Form, style and the technique used to complete
the skills constitute the level of execution of an exercise. Bent knees, poor
toe point and an arched or loosely-held body position are all examples of poor
Also known as a flip-flop or back handspring. Take off one or two feet, jump
backwards onto hands and land on feet. This element is used in a majority of
tumbling passes on the floor exercise. It's also used a great deal on the
A double salto with a full twist (the complete twist performed during the
A swing in which the body is fully extended and moving through a 360 degree
rotation around the bar.
A double salto with a half twist on the first salto and a half twist on the
Springing off the hands by putting the weight on the arms and using a strong
push from the shoulders; can be done either forward or backward; usually a
Movement from a position below the equipment to a position above.
Straight or slightly arched body position, may be seen during a movement or
a still position.
Personally-designed routines which show the gymnast to the best advantage.
Body bent forward more than 90 degrees at the hips while the legs are kept
Changing direction by twisting in the handstand position.
Leaving the bar to perform a move before regrasping it.
A combination of stunts displaying a full range of skills on one apparatus.
A flip or somersault, with the feet coming up over the head and the body
rotating around the axis of the waist.
A position in which the knees and hips are bent and drawn into the chest;
the body is folded at the waist.
Not to be confused with a salto, a twist occurs when the gymnast rotates
around the body's longitudinal axis, defined by the spine.
The artistry, or the degree of rhythm and harmony, displayed while a
movement is executed. In general, the more flowing and seamless a series of
skills appears to be, the greater the virtuosity and the higher the score.